Trier is located on the banks of the Moselle River. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC. It is pronounced Tree-ah.
The city lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of ruddy sandstone in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the border with Luxembourg and within the Mosel wine region.
Trier is the oldest seat of a Christian bishop north of the Alps.
Trier is known for its well-preserved Roman and medieval buildings, which include:
Yes. The city is old. According to the legendarium recorded in the 12th century, the city was founded by an eponymous, an Assyrian prince, placing the city's founding legend centuries before and independently of ancient Rome.
There is a medieval inscription on the facade of the Red House in the Trier market which reads,
- ANTE ROMAM TREVIRIS STETIT ANNIS MILLE TRECENTIS.
- PERSTET ET ÆTERNA PACE FRVATVR. AMEN.
Translation: "Thirteen hundred years before Rome, Trier stood / may it stand on and enjoy eternal peace, amen." This quotes reflects the proud city tradition.
These little Santas are looking at a building which I thought was the St. Matthias Benedictine Abbey. But, I think it is some other famous building, and I'm not sure which one.
If you know, please tell me what it is in the comments.
This Roman Catholic Church is the oldest cathedral in the country and dates back to Roman times. It is home to the Holy Tunic. This garment with a recorded history back to the 12th Century is said to be the robe Jesus was wearing when he died. It is only exhibited every few decades, at irregular intervals.
The edifice is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras each contributing some elements to its design, including the center of the main chapel being made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras. Its dimensions, 112.5 by 41 m, make it the largest church structure in Trier.
This massive structure, in the original Roman sense, was the 67 m (219.82 ft) long throne hall of Roman Emperor Constantine. Today it is used as a Protestant Church.
This building sits directly next to the Basilika and is considered one of the most beautiful rococo palaces in the world.
Going to the baths was an important part of Roman life. Over 1600 years ago, the Romans built one of the grandest and most impressive baths in the world: The Imperial Baths. This was a gigantic bathing facility and descended into a subterranean labyrinth.
Men and women bathed naked, not always separately, and could engage in sports, sit in cold and hot baths, swim, get a massage, have their body hair removed by tweezers or wax, and be cleaned with the help of scrapers, pumice stone, or fermented urine. Yup. You read that correctly. Fermented Urine. They could relax, gamble, do business, go to the hairdresser's, libraries, reciting rooms, or pubs.
Near the Imperial Baths are the ruins of a Roman amphitheater, dating from the first century AD. The amphitheater was used in the Roman imperial era (until the 5th century) for gladiator fights and animal contests.
The person waving to you is is theHansMan. He is going to enter that 'rectangle' and visit the basement underneath the arena. This is where gladiators, criminals, and exotic beasts were kept prior to their release into the arena.
The entire structure, consisting of an elliptical arena and a stepped auditorium, was surrounded by a high wall, divided into individual stories by colonnaded arcades. The complex could seat up to 25,000 people.
In the 5th century, the inhabitants of Trier used the amphitheater as a place of refuge from the increasingly frequent raids by Germanic tribes. The site was used as a quarry in the Middle Ages.
Today, the amphitheater area is used for the Antiquity Festival and open-air concerts.
It was a bit creepy, and I just couldn't help but think what had gone on down here years ago.
You have just visited seven of the most important sites in Trier.
And yes, in Trier there are . . .
And then it was . . .